SYstems for COnversion of MOtions and REnewable ENergies
FAQ of the Golf GTE'85 PLUS
 Frequently asked questions 
The Volkswagen Golf GTE '85 PLUS of Sycomoreen : Grand Tourer Ethanol'85 with Power & Lithium United by the Sun

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01/10/2017 : What is the required farming area for the Golf GTE8+, what are the worldwide stakes ? [2nd cycle]
03/09/2017 : What are the results for 100h of driving and about 5600 km with the Golf GTE85 PLUS ? [2nd cycle]
01/06/2017 : What is the Ethanol'85 (E85) and where can it be found in the French territory ?
22/05/2017 : What are the results for 100h of driving and about 5500 km with the Golf GTE85 PLUS ? [1st cycle]
15/05/2017 : How is working the tow hitch of the Golf GTE85 PLUS ?
07/05/2017 : What distance is reachable on a scenario of pendular paths with the GTE85 PLUS ?
12/03/2017 : What is the ideal batteries' size for an hybrid plug in electric vehicle (PHEV) ?
01/01/2017 : What does mean the acronym "GTE'85 PLUS" ?
29/12/2016 : Has the GTE85+ been the theme of an article in the medias after its conversion ?
24/12/2016 : Why does the GTE85 PLUS allow to decrease  the car's CO2 emissions by a 10 factor ?
20/12/2016 : What has been the process to convert the Golf GTE to the flexfuel carburation ? Addendum 30/01/2017  27/07/2017 
19/12/2016 : How to discover the installations of LR PERFORMANCE ? Site of MONTANS / Tarn / FRANCE
23/09/2015 : Has the GTE85+ been the theme of an article in the medias before its conversion ?

01/10/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 WHAT IS THE REQUIRED FARMING AREA FOR THE GOLF GTE85+, WHAT ARE THE WORLDWIDE STAKES ?

SPECIFIC CALCULATIONS OF THE GTE85+

The Golf GTE85+ is yearly driving 15 000 km and consuming 2,5 L/100 km of E85. Thus it is needing 2,5 L/100 km x 150 000 km = 375 L. However, the E85 is containing only 85% of ethanol, therefore, the yearly consumption is 375 L x 85/100 = 318,75 L, we will estimate that at 320 L of ethanol by year.

The density of ethanol is 789 kg/m3 ; it means that the Golf GTE85+ is using 789 kg/m3 x 0.32 m3 = 252,48 kg of alcohol.

In France, the industrial sugar plants are producing about 75 kg of ethanol from
1000 kg of beets. Thus, the GTE85+ is requiring 1000 kg(beets) x 252.48 kg(ethanol) / 75 kg(ethanol)  = 3366,4 kg of beets ; we will value that at about 3.5 Tons of Beets.

Finally, still in France, the beets' harvest is 74,8 tons by hectare (10 000 m²). It means that the GTE85+ is requiring an agricultural area of 10 000 m² x 3,5 T / 74.8 T = 468 m², what is equal to a square with a side of 22 m in a sugar beets' yard (about 500 m²).
THE FRENCH SITUATION

In France, we have less than 1% of the French usable agricultural surface, either 300 000 hectares to produce some bioethanol and its food co-products.

With a look on these data, one is understanding that « the production of bioenergies from cultures is not threatening the food supply ». Already in July 2016, a report written by the IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute) was agreeing with these ideas ; it has been achieved with the collaboration of the  World Bank. The Institute is precising that « the incitative policies to produce biofuels could  have a positive effect on the food security with a very strong benefit if they are well designed ». The report is also insisting on the non-competition  in farming surfaces of food with biofuels. It is even recommending to use « flex cultures » which are able to supply both bioenergies (notably biofuels) and food with other co-products.
 
France, a country of excellence in agricultural production, has all the incentives to develop its paths for biofuels ; in this goal, some tax benefits already support the SP95-E10, and especially the E85 path.
OTHER HYPOTHESES

If the GTE85+ could burn the E100, it would need 468 / 0.85 = 550 m², thus one will notice that a square with a side of 24 m which is cultivated with beets would supply enough 100% renewable fuel for the GTE85+.

If the GTE85+ would burn ONLY some E85 and never be reload on the electric grid, the impact would be greater because the consumption would raise to 6,6 L/100 km au lieu de 2,5 L/100 km of E85 : 6,6 / 2,5 x 468 m² = 1235 m², either a square with a side of 35 m.


Then it is inescapable to hybridize the vehicule to decrease the farming consequences, by allowing to drive all pendular paths with renewable electricity. Moreover, such a car is polluting much less in the urban areas by moving with the the 100% electric mode.
AT THE WORLDWIDE SCALE

According to FranceAgriMer, the raw world surface which is dedicated for biofuels is reaching less than 1 % of the usable agricultural surface.

It is even decreasing until 0,61 % if we are taking in account the co-products which are coming back to feed the animals.
The FARM (Fondation pour l’Agriculture et la Ruralité dans le Monde) or the FAO (Food & Agriculture Organization - United Nations) are confirming that « the strict opposition between food and biofuels is out of date because we can achieve to produce jointly both biofuels and enough food ».
 
However, the purely mercantile and uncontrolled development of crops (and this is not limited to agrofuels) has to be prevented, such as ensuring that tropical forests are not destroyed to grow sugarcane (ethanol) or the oil palm for biodiesel.
Sources
Biofuels and food security HLPE June 2013 [pdf ; 3,7 Mo]
Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action    IFPRI
Sugar-beet, Yields and Products :
  Tereos.com      lesucre.com       labetterave.com 
Also to see :
 Bioéthanolcarburant.com    [Link 1]   [Link2]    

03/09/2017      12/03/2017      24/12/2016

Summery interlude of 2017


03/09/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
WHAT ARE THE RESULTS FOR 100H OF DRIVING AND ABOUT 5600 KM WITH THE GOLF GTE85 PLUS ?
[Second cycle of 100 h]
This real scenario is coming from pendular paths with economical driving, on different trips with a maximum distance of 80 km where in an average way, 2/5th of the kilometers are powered by the thermal engine, and the other 3/5th are supplied by the electric battery. Nevertheless, 2 trips of 450 km have been done in this 2nd cycle of 100 hours.

5610 driven kilometers
with only 2,6 L/100 km of E85 !

Consumptions :
* Fuel : 2,6 L/100 km
* Electricity : 8.5 kWh/100 km

Real Costs for 100 km :
* Fuel : 2,6 L/100 km x 0.55 €/L = 1.43 €
* Electricity : 8.5 kWh  x 0.15 € kWh = 1.28 €
Total : 2,71 € / 100 km

Real Consumptions for 100 km :
* with full Ethanol85 mode : 6,6 L/100 km
* with full electric mode : 15 kWh/100 km

Financial savings, regarding the conventional SP95 at 1,4 € /L and 6 L/100km :
(1.4 €/L x 6 L/100km - 2.71 € /100km)
x 5610 km  = 319.21 €    
    

To see also : 22/05/2017
5610 driven km during 100h and 2,6L/100km of E85 : Golf GTE 85 PLUS, hybrid vehicle Multifuel - Flexuel by SYCOMOREEN

CO2 emissions are divided by a 8 factor, by assuming that the E85 is producing 3 times less CO2 than the SP95 for the same given energy, and with a renewable electricity, we get  8.04 :
              6 L/100 km        
0.33 * 2,6 L/100km /1.15

Hypotheses :  6L/100 km of SP95, overconsumption of 15% with E85


01/06/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 WHAT IS THE ETHANOL 85 (E85) AND WHERE CAN IT BE FOUND IN THE FRENCH TERRITORY ?

Ethanol'85, also known as Superethanol or E85 in France, contains 65-85% of agro-ethanol (produced from sugarcane, cereals or from sugar beet) and it is mixed with 35-15% of unleaded gasoline (Supercarburant 95 or 98). Commercially highly competitive, the E85 is more and more attractive for the customers. Designed for gasoline engines, this fuel requires modifications* in carburation to increase the volumes of fuel which is burnt in the engine ; E85 indeed requires between 15 and 20% of additional volume to deliver the same energy compared to the unleaded gasoline (SP95 or 98).


Depending on the vehicle, these modifications* are of several types : the installation of additional kits, or the reprogramming of the calculator, or the change of the nozzles on the old engines with carburetor.


Agro-Ethanol is also incorporated into the SuperCarburant in a proportion of 10% by volume (the SP95-E10). The SP95-E10 is compatible with almost all gasoline cars without any modification*. In France, the SP95-E10 is even leading to the disappearance of the "pure" SP95 at the service stations.


In 2016, nearly 100 millions of E85 liters have been sold in France, it represents 1% of the gasoline market, but the trend is on the rise. Indeed, the E85 savings are about 500 €uros for 12 000 driven kilometers. At present, more than 850 fuel-stations in France are offering the distribution of biofuel E85.
Where to find the fuel-station with Bioéthanol Super Ethanol E85 in France ? Source Bioethanolcarburant.com

SYCOMOREEN is proposing you this following links to know if you have a nearby station for your little daily trails, but also to plan the refuelings of E85 in the set of a long trip in France :
* WARNING: Always to get the advice of a Professional and to obtain a technical diagnosis about the compatibility of your engine with the E85 or even SP95-E10: on some vehicles, some parts are intolerant to ethanol, although the majority of gasoline engines are fitted for it.


22/05/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
WHAT ARE THE RESULTS FOR 100H OF DRIVING AND ABOUT 5500 KM WITH THE GOLF GTE85 PLUS ?
[First cycle of 100 h]
This real scenario is coming from pendular paths with economical driving, on different trips with a maximum distance of 80 km where in an average way, 2/5th of the kilometers are powered by the thermal engine, and the other 3/5th are supplied by the electric battery.

5478 driven kilometers
with only 2,5 L/100 km of E85 !

Consumptions :
* Fuel : 2,5L/100 km
* Electricity : 8.9 kWh/100 km

Real Costs for 100 km :
* Fuel : 2,5L/100 km x 0.55 €/L = 1.375 €
* Electricity : 8.9 kWh  x 0.15 € kWh = 1.335 €
Total : 2,71 € / 100 km

Real Consumptions for 100 km :
* with full Ethanol85 mode : 6,6L/100 km
* with full electric mode : 15 kWh/100 km

Financial savings, regarding the conventional SP95 at 1,4€ /L and 6L/100km :
(1.4 €/L x 6 L/100km - 2.71 € /100km)
x 5478 km  = 311.70 €    
    

To see also : 24/12/2016
5478 driven km during 100h and 2,5L/100km of E85 : Golf GTE 85 PLUS, hybrid vehicle Multifuel - Flexuel by SYCOMOREEN

CO2 emissions are divided by a 8 factor, by assuming that the E85 is producing 3 times less CO2 than the SP95 for the same given energy, and with a renewable electricity, we get  8.36 :
              6 L/100 km        
0.33 * 2,5 L/100km /1.15
Hypotheses :  6 L/100 km of SP95, overconsumption of 15% with E85
Power & Lithium United by the Sun (PLUS !)
Volkswagen Golf GTE : the hybrid car GTE85 flexfuel - mutlifuel ethanol electricity by SYCOMOREEN
To see also : 07/05/2017
Above, some information about the situation of the Electricity's French market [Source : Selectra]


15/05/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
HOW IS WORKING THE TOW HITCH OF THE GOLF GTE85 PLUS ?

The tow hitch of the Volkswagen Golf GTE85+ is retractable : it is pivoting inside the bumper and becomes totally invisible.

The Golf GTE is a little known good towing car. Indeed, the G code is 1599 kg (equipped vehicle with the coupling) while the F3 code (total allowed rolling weight) is worth 3575 kg. In France, this car can tow 3575 - 1599 = 1976 kg, almost 2 tons with the required driving license.
SYCOMOREEN Golf GTE85 PLUS with the coupled trailer
The tow hitch of the Golf GTE in the working position with the electric wiring : SYCOMOREEN Golf GTE85 PLUS
SYCOMOREEN Golf GTE85 PLUS with the coupled trailer


07/05/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 WHAT DISTANCE IS REACHABLE ON A SCENARIO OF PENDULAR PATHS WITH THE GTE85 PLUS ?

This real scenario is coming from pendular paths with economical driving, on different trips with a maximum distance of 80 km where in an average way, 1/3rd of the kilometers are powered by the thermal engine, and the other 2/3 are supplied by the electric battery.

1860 driven kilometers
with a 40L tank of E85 !

Consumptions :
* Fuel : 2,2 L/100 km
* Electricity : 9.3 kWh/100 km

Real costs for 100 km :
* Fuel : 2,2 L/100 km x 0.55 €/L = 1.21 €
* Electricity : 9.3 kWh  x 0.13 €/kWh = 1.21 €
Total : 2,42 € / 100 km


Real consumptions for 100 km :
* with full Ethanol85 mode : 6,6 L/100 km
* with full electric mode : 15 kWh/100 km

CO2 emissions are divided by a 10 factor, by assuming that the E85 is producing 3 times less CO2 than the SP95 for the same given energy, and with a renewable electricity, we get  9.5 :
              6 L/100 km         
0.33 * 2,2 L/100km /1.15

Hypotheses : 6 L/100 km en SP95, Overconsumption of 15% with the E85
1860 driven kilometers, with one full tank of 40L E85 : Golf GTE 85 PLUS, hybrid vehicle Multifuel - Flexuel by SYCOMOREEN

Financial savings on this full tank, regarding a conventional use of SP95 at 1,4 € /L and 6 L/100km :
1860 km x (1.4 €/L x 6L/100km - 2.42 € /100km) = 111,23 €         Also to be seen : 24/12/2016


12/03/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 WHAT IS THE IDEAL BATTERIES' SIZE FOR AN HYBRID PLUG IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE (PHEV) ?

Summary : Optimizing battery sizes of plug-in hybrid and extended range electric vehicles for different user types, Redelbach Özdemir, Friedrich, DLR
Optimizing battery sizes of
Plug-in H
ybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) and
Extended Range Electric Vehicles (EREV)

for different user types
by :
M. Redelbach,   E. D. Özdemir, H. E. Friedrich


for : the Institute of Vehicle Concepts, German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany

This paper introduces a holistic approach for the optimization of the battery size of PHEVs and EREVs under German market conditions. The assessment focuses on the heterogeneity across drivers, by analyzing the impact of different driving profiles on the optimal battery setup from Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) perspective. The results show that the battery size has a significant effect on the TCO. For an average German driver (15,000km/year), battery capacities of 4 kWh (PHEV) and 6 kWh (EREV) would be cost optimal by 2020.

While driver A with low annual mileage (7500km/a) should choose a very small battery capacity of about 2kWh, frequent driver C (30,000km/a) should decide for a considerably higher battery size of about 13kWh in order to minimize his total cost of ownership. Therefore, it is especially important to take the driving profile of the customers into account in order to find the cost efficient powertrain configuration.
To download the whole survey
The Golf GTE (6,5 kWh) is interesting for the Drivers of Type B on the German market. Source : Sciencedirect.com      Also to see : 24/12/2016


01/01/2017_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 WHAT DOES MEAN THE ACRONYM "GTE'85 PLUS" ?

Volkswagen GOLF GTE 85 PLUS by SYCOMOREEN :

Grand Tourer Ethanol'85 with Power & Lithium United by the Sun

Volkswagen Golf 7 GTE 85 PLUS : Grand Tourer Ethanol'85 with Power & Lithium United by the Sun, developed by SYCOMOREEN in cooperation with LR PERFORMANCE

This car is developed in partnership with LR PERFORMANCE on the basis of the GOLF 7 GTE which is manufactured by Volskwagen. It is a triple hybrid gasoline - ethanol - electric. Partially inspired by the Berlingomoreen CATHI, but with both very different design and style, it can run with 3 distinct sources of energy (triple hybridization) :
      1) a pack of Lithium batteries (Li-On : capacity of 8,8 kWh whose 6,5 kWh are available ; it needs 2h10 hours under AC 220V - 15A to be reload)
      2) some gasoline (RON 95 or 98)
      3) some ethanol, with a maximal proportion of 85% mixed with the gasoline (RON 95 or 98)


29/12/2016_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
HAS THE GTE85+ BEEN THE THEME OF AN ARTICLE IN THE MEDIAS AFTER ITS CONVERSION ?
Yes, an article of Automobile Propre has been published about this car (in new configuration) by Philippe SCHWOERER


24/12/2016_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
WHY DOES THE GTE'85 PLUS ALLOW TO DECREASE THE CAR'S CO2 EMISSIONS BY A 10 FACTOR ?

This vehicle takes advantage from its environment with renewable energy resources which are all coming from the Sun (Photovoltaic energy which is produced by SYCOMOREEN, bio-ethanol obtained by the culture sugar beets or cereals in AUVERGNE) ; the table below is gathering values which are coming from real economical driving situations ; this values are indicative at about + / - 10% :

Hypothesis
of Distance
Hypothesis
of fosil fuel's consumption
Consumption E85 mixed with gasoline
until 85%
Consumption of renewable electricity
at the electric plug
saved
fossil fuel
Kilometric costs*  
100% gasoline
Kilometric costs*
GTE85 +
Kilometric costs*  with Diesel - oil
5 - 6L/100km
Reducing factor of  CO2 with GTE'85 + 
500 km and more 6 L / 100 km 8 L / 100 km 1 kWh / 100 km 5 L / 100 KM 8 € / 100 km 5 € / 100 km 6 €/ 100 km 2
about 100 km 6.5 / 100 km 3.5 L / 100 km 7 kWh / 100 km 6 L / 100 km 9 € / 100 km 3 € / 100 km 6.5 € /100 km 4
50 km and less 7 L / 100 km <0.5 L / 100 km 18 kWh / 100 km 7 L / 100 km 9.5 € / 100 km 2.5 € / 100 km 7 € / 100 km 30 and more

SYCOMOREEN is proposing you this Excel spreadsheet to do your own simulations. You can also check
the methodology of this survey , or the pdf of synthesis.


* Tariffs of January 2017
typically registered in France
Electricity E85 (ethanol mixed with gasoline until 85%) Gasoline (RON95-98)
SP95, SP95E10, SP98
Oil - Fuel
Gasoil
in €uros (€) 0,13 € / kWh 0,6 € / L 1,35 € / L 1,2 € / L


Summary and comments in comparison to a 100% electric vehicle
Emissions CO2
The global CO2 emissions are divided by about 2 for the very long distances, aproximately by 4 on the trips of about 100 km, and by more than 30 for all the displacements under 50 km. That is very important. In average with the distributing hypotheses of distances 26-40-33%, the CO2 emissions are collapsing by a factor more than 10.
Kilometric
costs
The GOLF GTE 85 PLUS is offering some kilometric costs in the interval between 2 and 5 € / 100 km*. If the average driven distances are 100 km : 3 € / 100 km ; it is 3 times better than the same by burning classical gasoline. In any case, it has a kilometric cost clearly lower than the Diesel-oil, especially on the short displacements.
Comparison to a 100% electric
vehicle
La GOLF GTE 85 PLUS has no problem of insufficient electric range or failing electric load stations. Such a vehicle is much more versatile and securing than a 100% electric car with the same advantages (ecological and economic). It needs less than 10 minutes to be refilled for 500 km of range. It also permits to tow some trailers / caravans for long trips.
About the towing by hybrid and electric vehicles
The Volkswagen Golf GTE 85 PLUS offers a retractable harnessing ; it is homologated to tow. This is rare for the hybrid vehicles, and even more for 100% electric ones. Its power and the on-board fuel are allowing serene travels.
The Volkswagen Golf GTE 85 PLUS in towing configuration, one of the rare plugin hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) which is homologated to pull a trailer


20/12/2016_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
WHAT HAS BEEN THE PROCESS TO CONVERT THE GOLF GTE TO THE FLEXFUEL CARBURATION ?



Fabien JULIA's analyses / LR Performance about the Multifuel Golf GTE of Sycomoreen
French Content French Content

Fabien JULIA's analysis to convert a Gasoline Golf towards the E85 see also 27/07/2017
Torque TSI alone | Power TSI aloneTorque GTE Elec + TSI | Power GTE Elec + TSI In addition : Comparative analysis of the references 1,4L TSI 125 Ch et 1,4L 150 Ch

Re-programming of the engine's calculators, conversion E85 / Ethanol Flexfuel Multifuel, mechanical preparations, racing parts and competitions, LR PERFORMANCE

Addendum : Screenshots taken from Facebook the 30/01/2017
Screenshot from LR PERFORMANCE on Facebook for the SYCOMOREEN's Golf GTE85 PLUS

Addendum : Another screenshot taken from Facebook the 27/07/2017 of an E85 upgrade for the VW 1,4 TSI 125 Ch
E85 Multifuel - Flexfuel Upgrade by LR PERFORMANCE for a Volkswagen 1,4L TSI / Golf Sportsvan SW


19/12/2016_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
HOW TO DISCOVER THE INSTALLATIONS OF  "LR PERFORMANCE" ? SITE OF MONTANS / Tarn / FRANCE

the LR PERFORMANCE's mailbox !

Activities and adresses of LR PERFORMANCE


 
23/09/2015_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
HAS THE GTE85+ BEEN THE THEME OF AN ARTICLE IN THE MEDIAS BEFORE ITS CONVERSION ?
Yes, an article of Automobile Propre has been published about this car (in initial configuration) by Philippe SCHWOERER

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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Le Mouvement Naturellement Energique !
The Naturally Energetic Movement !
Die Natürlich Energische Bewegung !
¡ El Movimiento Naturalmente Enérgico !
SYstems for COnversion of MOtions and REnewable ENergies
FAQ of the Golf GTE'85 PLUS
 Frequently asked questions 
The Volkswagen Golf GTE '85 PLUS of Sycomoreen : Grand Tourer Ethanol'85 with Power & Lithium United by the Sun